War and Peace Documents

Table of Contents

1. Non-Use of Force and Non-Intervention

2. Laws of Armed Conflicts

3. Arms Control and Disarmament
a. Disarmament
b. Conventional Weapons
c. Nuclear Weapons
d. Chemical and Biological Weapons
4. Peace, Security, and Cooperation
a. General
b. Regional
Africa Europe Middle East

5. War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

1. Non-Use of Force and Non-Intervention

* Charter of the United Nations, June 26, 1945, 59 Stat. 1031, T.S. 993, 3 Bevans 1153, entered into force Oct. 24, 1945.
* Declarations of acceptance of Charter obligations
* The Center for War/Peace Studies

2. Laws of Armed Conflicts

* Hague Convention (IV) Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land, U.S.T.S. 539, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 90, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (V) Respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers and Persons in Case of War on Land, U.S.T.S. 540, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 117, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (VI) Relative to the Status of Enemy Merchant Ships at the Outbreak of Hostilities, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 127, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (VII) Relative to the Conversion of Merchant Ships into War Ships, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 133, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (VIII) Relative to the Laying of Automatic Submarine Contact Mines, U.S.T.S. 541, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 138, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (IX) Respecting Bombardment by Naval Forces in Time of War, U.S.T.S. 542, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 146, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (XI) Relative to Certain Restrictions on the Exercise of the Right of Capture in Maritime War, U.S.T.S. 544, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 167, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Hague Convention (XIII) Respecting the Rights and Duties of Neutral Powers in Naval War, U.S.T.S. 545, 2 A.J.I.L. Supp. 207, entered into force January 26, 1910.
* Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977, ratifications, accessions and successions.
* Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field, 75 U.N.T.S. 31, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
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* Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea, 75 U.N.T.S. 85, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
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* Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War, 75 U.N.T.S. 135, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
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* Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War, 75 U.N.T.S. 287, entered into force Oct. 21, 1950.
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* Agreement Between the United States of America and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Prevention of Incidents on and Over the High Seas, 852 U.N.T.S. 151, entered into force May 25, 1972.
* Convention on the Prohibition of Military or any Other Hostile Use of Environmental Modification Techniques, 1108 U.N.T.S. 151, entered into force Oct. 5, 1978.
* Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I), 1125 U.N.T.S. 3, entered into force Dec. 7, 1978.
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* Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II), 1125 U.N.T.S. 609, entered into force Dec. 7, 1978.
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3. Arms Control and Disarmament

a. Disarmament

b. Conventional Weapons

* Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of Certain Conventional Weapons Which may be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious or to have Indiscriminate Effects and Protocols, U.N. Doc. A/Conf.95/15, Annex I (1980), entered into force Dec. 2, 1983.
* Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, 30 I.L.M. 1 (1991), entered into force Nov. 9, 1992.
* Addendum to Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe and Related Documents.
States which have adhered to the Convention on Prohibition of Conventional Weapons
* Treaty on Open Skies, done at Helsinki March 24, 1992, S. Treaty Doc. 102.37, not in force.

c. Nuclear Weapons

* The Antarctic Treaty, 402 U.N.T.S. 71, entered into force June 23, 1961.
* Memorandum of Understanding Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Regarding the Establishment of a Direct Communications Link, 472 U.N.T.S. 163, entered into force June 20, 1963.
* Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water, 480 U.N.T.S. 43, entered into force Oct. 10, 1963.
* Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, Including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, 610 U.N.T.S. 205, entered into force, Oct. 10, 1967.
* Treaty for the Prohibtion of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America, 634 U.N.T.S. 326, entered into force April 22, 1968.
* Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, 729 U.N.T.S. 161, entered into force March 5, 1970.
* Agreement Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Measures to Improve the U.S.A.-USSR Direct Communications Link, 806 U.N.T.S. 402, entered into force Sept. 30, 1971.
* Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed and the Ocean Floor and in the Subsoil Thereof, 955 U.N.T.S. 115, entered into force May 18, 1972.
* Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, 944 U.N.T.S. 13, entered into force Oct. 3, 1972.
* Agreement Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Prevention of Nuclear War, 24 U.S.T. 1478, entered into force June 22, 1973.
* Protocol to the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Anti-Ballistic Missile Systems, 27 U.S.T. 1645, entered into force May 24, 1976.
* Agreement Between the United States of America and the International Atomic Energy Agency for the Application of Safeguards in the United States, 32 U.S.T., 3059, entered into force Dec. 9, 1980.
* Agreement Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics to Expand the U.S.-USSR Direct Communications Link, T.I.A.S. 11428, entered into force July 17, 1984.
* Agreement Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Notifications of Launches of Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles and Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missiles, 27 I.L.M. 1200 (1988), entered into force May 31, 1988.
* Protocol on Procedures Governing the Elimination of the Missile Systems Subject to the Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, 27 I.L.M. 183 (1988).
* Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles, 27 I.L.M. 84 (1988), entered into force June 1, 1988.
* Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests, 13 I.L.M. 906, entered into force Dec. 11, 1990.
* Treaty Between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on Underground Nuclear Explosions for Peaceful Purposes, 15 I.L.M. 891, entered into force Dec. 11, 1990.
* South Pacific Nuclear Free Zone Treaty, 24 I.L.M. 1442, entered into force Dec. 11, 1986.
* Human Rights Committee, General Comment 6, Article 6 (Sixteenth session, 1982), Compilation of General Comments and General Recommendations Adopted by Human Rights Treaty Bodies, U.N. Doc. HRI\GEN\1\Rev.1 at 6 (1994).
* Legality of the Use by a State of Nuclear Weapons in Armed Conflict, International Court of Justice, Advisory Opinion of 8 July 1996
* Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, T.I.A.S. 11080, entered into force Feb. 8, 1997.

d. Chemical and Biological Weapons

* Protocol for the Prohibition of the Use in War of Asphyxiating, Poisonous or Other Gases, and of Bacteriological Methods of Warfare, 94 L.N.T.S. 65, entered into force Feb. 8, 1928.
* Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production and Stockpiling of Bacteriological (Biological) and Toxin Weapons and on their Destruction, 1015 U.N.T.S. 163, entered into force March 26, 1975.
* Convention on the Prohibitions of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction, 32 I.L.M. 800 (1993).
* Guided tour of the Convention on the Prohibitions of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction.

4. Peace, Security, and Cooperation

a. General

* Final Act of the Conference on Security and Co-Operation in Europe, Helsinki 1975.
* Concluding Document of the Madrid Meeting 1980 of Representatives of the Participating States of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Held on the Basis of the Provisions of the Final Act Relating to the Follow-up to the Conference, Madrid 1983.
* Document of the Stockholm Conference on Confidence and Security Building Measures and Disarmament in Europe Convened in Accordance with the Relevant Provisions of the Concluding Document of the Madrid Meeting of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, signed at Stockholm Sept. 19, 1986, , 26 I.L.M. 190 (1987).
* Document of the Stockholm Conference on Confidence and Security Building Measures and Disarmament in Europe Convened in Accordance with the Relevant Provisions of the Concluding Document of the Madrid Meeting of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, 26 I.L.M. 195 (1987). Annex I.
* Concluding Document of the Vienna Meeting 1986 of Representatives of the Participating States of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Held on the Basis of the Provisions of the Final Act Relating to the Follow-Up Conference, Vienna 1989.
* Helsinki Summit Declaration, The Challenges of Change, 1992.
* Budapest Document, Towards A Genuine Partnership In A New Era, DOC.RC/1/95 Corrected version 21 December 1994.

b. Regional

Africa

* United Nations Security Council Resolution 733 (Implementing an Arms Embargo on Somalia), S.C. res. 733, 47 U.N. SCOR at 55, U.N. Doc. S/RES/733 (1992).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 794 (Granting the Secretary-General Discretion in the Further Employment of Personnel of the United Nations Operation in Somalis), S.C. res 794, 47 U.N. SCOR at 63, U.N. Doc. S/RES/794 (1992).

Europe

* The North Atlantic Treaty, 34 U.N.T.S. 243, entered into force Aug. 24, 1949.
* NATO: Handbook
* European Convention for the Peaceful Settlement of Disputes, Strasbourg, 29.IV. 1957.
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* Concluding Document of the Madrid Meeting 1980 of Representatives of the Participating States of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Held on the Basis of the Provisions of the Final Act Relating to the Follow-up to the Conference, Madrid 1983.
* Concluding Document of the Vienna Meeting 1986 of Representatives of the Participating States of the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Held on the Basis of the Provisions of the Final Act Relating to the Follow-Up Conference, Vienna 1989.
* Charter of Paris for a New Europe (1990).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 712 (Implementing an Arms Embargo on Yugoslavia), S.C. res 712, U.N. Doc. S/RES/712 (1991).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 743 (Establishing a United Nations Protection Force "Unprofor", S.C. res. 743, 47 U.N. SCOR at 42, U.N. Doc. S/RES/743 (1992).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 757 (Implementing Trade Embargo on Yugoslavia), S.C. res. 757, 47 U.N. SCOR at 13, U.N. Doc S/RES/757 (1992).

Middle East

* United Nations Security Council Resolution 242 (Concerning Principles for a Just and Lasting Peace in the Middle East), S.C. res. 242, U.N. Doc. S/RES/242 (1967).
* United Nations Security Resolution 338 (Concerning the October War), S.C. res. 338, U.N. Doc. S/RES/338 (1973).
* A Framework for Peace in the Middle East Agreed at Camp David, 17 I.L.M. 1466 (1978).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 660 (Condemning the Invasion of Kuwait by Iraq), S.C. res. 660, 45 U.N. SCOR at 19, U.N. Doc. S/RES/660 (1990).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 678 (Concerning the Implementation of Security Council Resolution 660), S.C. res. 678, 45 U.N. SCOR at 27, U.N. Doc. S/RES/678 (1991).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 (Concerning the Restoration of Peace and Security in Iraq and Kuwait), S.C. res. 687, 46 U.N. SCOR at _, U.N. Doc. S/RES/687 (1991).

5. War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity

* "Charter of the International Military Tribunal (IMT)", in Agreement for the Prosecution and Punishment of the Major War Criminals of the European Axis (London Agreement), August 8, 1945, 58 Stat. 1544, E.A.S. No. 472, 82 U.N.T.S. 280.
* Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 78 U.N.T.S. 277, entered into force Jan. 12, 1951.
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* Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, G.A. res. 2391 (XXIII), annex, 23 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 18) at 40, U.N. Doc. A/7218 (1968).
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* Principles of International Co-Operation in the Detection, Arrest, Extradition and Punishment of Persons Guilty of War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity, G.A. res. 3074 (XXVIII), 28 U.N. GAOR Supp. (30A) at 78, U.N. Doc. A/9030/Add.1 (1973).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 771 (Concerning Information on Violations of International Humanitarian Law in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia), S.C. res. 771, 47 U.N. SCOR at 25, U.N. Doc. S/RES/771 (1992).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 780 (Establishing a Commission of Experts to Examine and Analyze Information Submitted Pursuant to Resolution 771), S.C. res. 780, 47 U.N. SCOR at 36, U.N. Doc. S/RES/780 (1992).╩
* Statute of the International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia since 1991, U.N. Doc. S/25704 at 36, annex (1993) and S/25704/Add.1 (1993), adopted by Security Council on 25 May 1993, U.N. Doc. S/RES/827 (1993).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 827 on Establishing an International Tribunal for the Prosecution of Persons Responsible for Serious Violations of International Humanitarian Law Committed in the Territory of the Former Yugoslavia, S.C. res. 827, 48 U.N. SCOR at _, U.N. Doc. S/RES/827 (1992).
* United Nations Security Council Resolution 955 Establishing the International Tribunal for Rwanda (with Annexed Statute), S.C. res. 955, 49 U.N. SCOR at _, U.N. Doc. S/RES/955 (1994).
* The Dayton Peace Accords on Bosnia