The United Nations, Council of Europe, European Union and the Organization
for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) have all recommended
training programs as an integral aspect of anti-trafficking initiatives.
A comprehensive training program should focus on a variety of
professionals whose work is connected with trafficking in women
and include training initiatives that range from general awareness-raising
to specific policy development and implementation.
A 1996 European Union Joint action establishing an incentive and
exchange program for persons responsible for combating trade in
human beings (known as the STOP program), identifies key actors
as beneficiaries of training courses, exchange programs and seminars.
These key actors include judges, prosecutors, police departments,
civil servants, immigration officials, border agents and social
service providers who assist victims of trafficking. Other participant
groups include politicians, the media, healthcare professionals,
students, groups at risk for trafficking and the general public.
A 2002 report by Barbara Limanowska for UNICEF/ UNHCR/ OSCE, Trafficking
in Human Beings in Southeastern Europe, summarizes the many training
initiatives that non-governmental organizations (NGOs), international
institutions and law enforcement structures have undertaken in
the region. Such training initiatives include: general-awareness
raising, training on trafficking as a legal and human rights issue,
training on working with trafficked persons, training for law enforcement
officers and training of trainers. The joint report specifically
finds that in Southeastern Europe there is a need for more targeted
trainings that are based on the current legal and institutional
framework in each country. In other regions and countries, however,
there is still a need for more general training sessions that raise
awareness about trafficking in women as a human rights abuse.
This site offers sample introductory-level training sessions on
trafficking in women as a violation of human rights and the dimensions
of the problem. These sessions can be used for general awareness-raising
and as introductions to later training sessions that reflect country
conditions. These sample sessions are found in the Identifying the
Problem and Researching the Problem blocks, below.
The creation of specific training sessions that are related to
implementing anti-trafficking laws or the development of other
anti-trafficking initiatives must be carried out at the national
level and must be reflective of current country conditions. For
this reason, the STOPVAW site offers information to assist advocates
in developing such strategic training sessions. The sample training
sessions included here are intended to illustrate a few training
exercises and are not meant to be exhaustive.
All training programs, whether aimed at general education or high-level
strategizing, should be part of a comprehensive and coordinated
approach to combating trafficking in women. Training agencies themselves
should cooperate in the development of training programs. In addition,
training programs should be adapted to the local needs of each country
and reflective of the specific country situations and target audience(s).
For example, facilitators should be aware of the existence of anti-trafficking
laws, national action plans addressing trafficking in persons and
regional cooperative programs that include the country in which
the training will take place.
Finally, advocates may find it useful to familiarize themselves
with a general training methodology, included in Guidelines
for Developing a Training Program.
The Guidelines provide the necessary background information for
understanding the sample training materials on trafficking in women
included on this site.
Sample Acquaintance Exercise (Word
and Expectations Exercise (Word
IDENTIFYING THE PROBLEM
- Test Your Knowledge About Trafficking (Word | PDF)
- What Is Trafficking? (Word | PDF)
- Is This Trafficking?
(Word | PDF)
RESEARCHING THE PROBLEM
- Trafficking in Women: Contributing Factors
(Word | PDF)
Sample Closing Exercises (Word
and Evaluation Forms (Word