Destination Countries for Trafficking
The following reports provide information about trafficking
in women from the perspective of the destination country, or the
country to which women are trafficked. These reports focus on the
countries to which many women from the Central and Eastern Europe
(CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) are trafficked.
Trafficking routes, however, are extensive, and in many cases women
are moved from country to county multiple times. In addition, destination
countries receive trafficked women from many regions of the world.
Thus, it is also useful to review research into the response of
source countries. Research and
reports on the problem of trafficking in women in specific countries
of the CEE and CIS region can be accessed on the country pages of
in Harm's Way: The Neglected Health Consequences of Sex Trafficking
in the United
H. Patricia Hynes and Janice G. Raymond, from Policing the National
Body: Sex, Race, and Criminalization, 31 July 2002.
This report focuses on the negative health consequences
faced by victims of trafficking; it also includes a general discussion
of the dynamics of trafficking to the U.S.
in Human Beings in Southeastern
Europe: Current situation and responses to trafficking
in human beings in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia,
the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the Former Yugoslav Republic
of Macedonia, Moldova and Romania, UNICEF, ODIHR and UNHCHR,
June 2002. [PDF, 270 pages].
This is a comprehensive report, which includes
an overview of regional initiatives as well as the responses of
individual governments to the problem of trafficking. The report
includes details about inadequacies in victim services as well as
recommendations for intergovernmental organizations, national governments,
NGOs and donors on prevention victim assistance, legal reform and
of Trafficking in the Balkans: a study of trafficking in women
and children for sexual exploitation to, through and from the Balkan
Region, International Organization for Migration (IOM), January
2001. [PDF, 51 pages].
Form of Slavery: Trafficking in Women in OSCE Member States,
The International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights (IHF), prepared
for the OSCE Supplementary Human Dimension Meeting on Trafficking
in Human Beings, Vienna, 19 June 2000. [PDF, 86 pages].
This report is based on information gathered
in the region through questionnaires and contains data on such issues
as existing legislation, government policies and NGO initiatives,
existing victim support services and research for 29 countries in
the CEE and CIS.
Traffic: Exploring the extent of, and responses to, trafficking
in women for sexual exploitation in the UK,
Liz Kelly and Linda Regan, Police Research Series Paper 125, 2000.
[PDF, 62 pages].
2000: An Investigation into the Status of Women’s Rights in the
Union and Central and South-Eastern Europe,
International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights, 9 November,
2000. [PDF, 546 pages].
This report contains information about a variety
of women’s rights issues, including trafficking, for 30 countries
in the CEE and CIS region.
Sex Workers from Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union: The
Canadian Case, Lynn McDonald, Brooke Moore and Natalya Timoshkina,
Centre for Applied Social Research, University of Toronto, November
2000. [PDF, 105 pages; HTML].
This report examines the working conditions of women trafficked
sex industry and also examines how the Canadian legal system addresses
trafficking. The research for this report was carried out, in part,
through interviews with service providers and female migrant sex
trade workers. The report includes three interview guides, which
could be adapted for research into the issue of trafficking in other
in Women in Canada: A Critical
Analysis of the Legal Framework Governing Immigrant Live-in Caregivers
and Mail-Order Brides, Louise Langevin and Marie-Claire Belleau,
Faculty of Law, Université Laval, Québec City, Quebec, October 2000.
[PDF, 233 pages; HTML].
rights abuses of women trafficked from countries of the former Soviet
Union into Israel’s sex
industry, Amnesty International, 18 May 2000, AI Index: MDE
15/17/00. [PDF, 18 pages].
Trafficking in Women to the United
States: A Contemporary Manifestation
of Slavery and Organized Crime,
Amy O’Neill Richard, Center for the Study of Intelligence, November
1999. [PDF, 80 pages].
This report studies the entry of victims into the
from countries in the Newly Independent
States and Central and Eastern
Europe. The report reviews challenges and constraints
both within and outside of the U.S.
legal system to combating trafficking and suggests recommendations