Assistance in mine clearance, G.A. res. 51/149, 51 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 43, U.N. Doc. A/51/49 (Vol. I) (1996).

      The General Assembly,
      Recalling its resolutions 48/7 of 19 October 1993, 49/215 of 23 December
1994 and 50/82 of 14 December 1995 on assistance in mine clearance, all
adopted without a vote,
      Reaffirming its deep concern at the tremendous humanitarian problem
caused by the presence of mines and other unexploded devices that have serious
and lasting social and economic consequences for the populations of
mine-infested countries and constitute an obstacle to the return of refugees
and other displaced persons, to humanitarian aid operations and to
reconstruction and economic development, as well as to the restoration of
normal social conditions,
      Reiterating its dismay at the high number of victims of mines,
especially among civilian populations, particularly children, and recalling in
this context Commission on Human Rights resolutions 1995/79 of 8 March 1995
and 1996/85 of 24 April 1996 on the rights of the child and 1996/27 of 19
April 1996 on the human rights of persons with disability, and noting the
recent report on the impact of armed conflict on children prepared by the
expert of the Secretary- General,
      Deeply alarmed that the number of mines being laid each year, as well as
the presence of a large number of mines and other unexploded devices as a
result of armed conflicts, exponentially outweighs the number of such mines
that can be cleared during that time, and thus convinced of the necessity and
urgency of a significant increase in mine-clearance efforts by the
international community,
      Noting the recent decisions taken at the Review Conference of the States
Parties to the Convention on Prohibitions or Restrictions on the Use of
Certain Conventional Weapons Which May be Deemed to be Excessively Injurious
or to Have Indiscriminate Effects, particularly with respect to Protocol II of
the Convention and the inclusion in the Amended Protocol of a number of
provisions of importance for mine-clearance operations, notably the
requirement of detectability,
      Noting also the adoption at the Ottawa International Strategy
Conference, "Towards a Global Ban on Anti-Personnel Mines", on 5 October 1996,
of the Ottawa Declaration, whereby participants undertook a commitment towards
the earliest possible conclusion of a legally binding international agreement
to ban anti-personnel mines and which, among other things, recognizes that the
international community must provide significantly greater resources to mine-
awareness programmes, mine-clearance operations and victim assistance, and
stressing the need to convince mine-affected States to halt new deployments of
anti-personnel mines to ensure the effectiveness and efficiency of mine-
clearance operations, and noting the offer by the Government of Belgium to
host a follow-up conference at Brussels in June 1997,
      Welcoming the offer by the Government of Japan to hold at Tokyo a
conference on anti-personnel landmines in March 1997 with a view to
reinforcing international support for the work of the United Nations in
landmine clearance, development of new technology for landmine detection and
removal and the rehabilitation of landmine victims,
      Emphasizing the importance of recording the location of mines, of
retaining all such records and making them available to concerned parties upon
cessation of hostilities, and welcoming the strengthening of the relevant
provisions in international law,
      Recognizing the important role that the international community,
particularly States involved in the deployment of mines, can play in assisting
mine clearance in affected countries through the provision of necessary maps
and information and appropriate technical and material assistance to remove or
otherwise render ineffective existing minefields, mines and booby-traps,
      Bearing in mind the serious threat that mines and other unexploded
devices pose to the safety, health and lives of personnel participating in
humanitarian, peacekeeping and rehabilitation programmes and operations,
      Aware that the rate of mine clearance needs to accelerate substantially
if the global landmine problem is to be tackled effectively,
      Concerned about the limited availability of safe and cost-effective
mine- detection and mine-clearance equipment as well as the lack of global
coordination in research and development to improve the relevant technology,
and conscious of the need to promote progress in this field and to foster
international technical cooperation to this end,
      Encouraged by the initiative taken by the Government of Denmark in
hosting and organizing the International Conference on Mine Clearance
Technology at Elsinore from 2 to 4 July 1996 with the support and cooperation
of the Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the Secretariat and by the work
of the Conference, notably in relation to international standards and
procedures for humanitarian mine-clearance operations, which can serve as a
basis on which to advance the safety, effectiveness and professionalism of
these operations throughout the world,
      Recognizing that, in addition to the primary role of States, the United
Nations has an important role in the field of assistance in mine clearance,
      Noting with satisfaction the inclusion in the mandates of several
peacekeeping operations of provisions relating to mine-clearance work carried
out under the direction of the Department of Peacekeeping Operations of the
Secretariat, in the context of such operations,
      Commending the activities already undertaken by the United Nations
system, donor and recipient Governments, the International Committee of the
Red Cross and non-governmental organizations to coordinate their efforts and
seek solutions to the problems related to the presence of mines and other
unexploded devices,
      Also commending the role of the Secretary-General, through the work of
the Department of Humanitarian Affairs, in increasing public awareness of the
problem of landmines, and in the establishment of the central landmine
database and inventories of mine-awareness materials and mine-clearance
      Welcoming the statement by the President of the Security Council at the
3693rd meeting of the Council, on 30 August 1996, on demining in the context
of United Nations peacekeeping,
      1.    Expresses its appreciation to the Secretary-General for his
comprehensive report on the activities of the United Nations on assistance in
mine clearance and the operation of the Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in
Mine Clearance, and takes note with interest of the proposals contained
      2.    Welcomes, in particular, the efforts made by the United Nations to
foster the establishment of mine-clearance capacities in countries where mines
constitute a serious threat to the safety, health and lives of the local
population, and emphasizing the importance of developing national
mine-clearance capacities, urges all Member States, particularly those that
have a capacity to do so, to assist afflicted countries in the establishment
and development of their national mine-clearance capacities;
      3.    Invites Member States to develop national programmes, in
cooperation with the relevant bodies of the United Nations system where
appropriate, to promote awareness of landmines, especially among children;
      4.    Expresses its appreciation to Member States and regional
organizations for their financial contributions to the Trust Fund, and appeals
to them to continue this support through further contributions;
      5.    Encourages all relevant multilateral and national programmes and
bodies to include, in coordination with the United Nations, activities related
to mine clearance in their humanitarian, social and economic assistance
      6.    Stresses the importance of international assistance for the
rehabilitation of landmine victims and their full participation in society;
      7.    Emphasizes again, in this connection, the importance of effective
coordination by the United Nations of activities related to mine clearance,
including those by regional organizations, in particular activities related to
standards, technological development, information and training;
      8.    Welcomes the efforts of the Department of Humanitarian Affairs to
coordinate mine-related activities and, in particular, the establishment, in
cooperation with other relevant United Nations organizations, of comprehensive
mine-action programmes, and encourages the Department to continue and enhance
those efforts with a view to improving the effectiveness of assistance in mine
clearance by the United Nations;
      9.    Also welcomes the designation of the Department of Humanitarian
Affairs, the focal point in the United Nations for coordinating humanitarian
demining and related issues, as the repository of information and for
encouraging and facilitating international research to improve mine-clearance
      10.   Urges Member States, regional organizations, governmental and
non-governmental organizations and foundations to continue to extend full
assistance and cooperation to the Secretary-General and, in particular, to
provide him with information and data as well as other appropriate resources
that could be useful in strengthening the coordination role of the United
Nations in the field of mine awareness, training, surveying, mine detection
and clearance, scientific research on mine-detection and clearance technology,
and information on and distribution of medical equipment and supplies;
      11.   Calls upon Member States, especially those that have a capacity to
do so, to provide the necessary information and technical and material
assistance, as appropriate, and to locate, remove, destroy or otherwise render
ineffective minefields, mines, booby-traps and other devices in accordance
with international law;
      12.   Urges Member States and intergovernmental and non-governmental
organizations and foundations that have the ability to do so, to provide, as
appropriate, technological assistance to mine-inflicted countries and to
promote scientific research and development on humanitarian mine-clearance
techniques and technology so that mine-clearance activities may be carried out
more effectively at lower costs and through safer means and to promote
international collaboration in this regard;
      13.   Encourages Member States and intergovernmental and
non-governmental organizations and foundations to continue to support ongoing
activities to promote appropriate technology, as well as international
operational and safety standards for humanitarian mine-clearance activities,
including the early follow-up of the International Conference on Mine
Clearance Technology;
      14.   Requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General Assembly
at its fifty-second session a report on the progress achieved on all relevant
issues outlined in his previous reports to the Assembly on assistance in mine
clearance and in the present resolution and on the operation of the Trust
      15.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-second
session the item entitled "Assistance in mine clearance".



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