International Assistance for the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Nicaragua: Aftermath of the War and Natural Disasters, G.A. res. 50/85, U.N. Doc. A/RES/50/85 (1995)

      The General Assembly,
      Recalling its resolutions 45/15 of 20 November 1990, 46/109 A and B of
17 December 1991, 47/118 of 18 December 1992, 48/161 of 20 December 1993 and
49/137 of 19 December 1994 concerning the situation in Central America,
      Recalling also its resolutions 47/169 of 22 December 1992, 48/8 of 22
October 1993 and 49/16 of 17 November 1994 concerning the item entitled
"International assistance for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of
Nicaragua: aftermath of the war and natural disasters", in which it requested
the international community to continue providing support to Nicaragua, taking
into account the exceptional circumstances faced by that country, and
requested the Secretary-General, in coordination with the Nicaraguan
authorities, to provide the assistance necessary in the process of
consolidation of peace,
      Deeply concerned at the fact that the recent natural disasters that have
occurred in Nicaragua, the burden of the foreign debt, despite its reduction
and renegotiation achieved with the collaboration of the international
community, and the harmful effects on its economy of the prolonged periods of
drought followed by excessive rain and floods that have afflicted the Central
American region impede the efforts being made by Nicaragua to overcome the
consequences of war within the framework of a democracy and under the
macroeconomic conditions already achieved,
      Deeply concerned also at the serious effects of the volcanic eruption of
Cerro Negro in Nicaragua, which has created a social and ecological emergency
in the affected areas, as well as the urgent requirement for humanitarian
assistance and the need to restore the normal conditions of the population,
      Taking into account the central role of all parties in Nicaragua, in
particular the Government and the Nicaraguan people, in seeking lasting
solutions to consolidate the achievements of their transition,
      Expressing its appreciation for the work of the Support Group for
Nicaragua, which, under the coordination of the Secretary-General, is playing
an active role in supporting that country's efforts towards economic recovery
and social development,
      Recognizing the efforts of the international community and the
Government of Nicaragua to provide relief to the persons affected by the
aftermath of the war and natural disasters,
      Recognizing also the intensive efforts by the Government of Nicaragua to
promote a sustained economic recovery and the considerable progress made in
securing a broad social consensus by means of a process of national dialogue
for the adoption of measures to lay the foundations for reconstruction and
economic and social development through a comprehensive transition process
that will be further consolidated with the holding of free and democratic
elections at the end of 1996,
      Taking into account the commitments adopted by the Central American
Presidents at the Central American Environment Summit for Sustainable
Development, through the Alliance for the Sustainable Development of Central
America, and, in this context, the special attention required by Nicaragua
because of its exceptional situation in order that those important commitments
may begin to be implemented,
      Taking note with satisfaction of the report of the Secretary-General of
10 October 1995 on the measures adopted pursuant to resolution 49/16,
      1.    Commends the efforts made by the international community,
including the organs and organizations of the United Nations system, to
supplement the action undertaken by the Government of Nicaragua and by other
parties concerned in the task of rehabilitation and national reconstruction as
well as in providing emergency assistance;
      2.    Requests the Secretary-General, within existing resources, to
support the efforts of the Government of Nicaragua in the affected areas, and
invites Member States, organizations, specialized agencies and programmes of
the United Nations to continue to provide assistance and to respond generously
while the emergency situation persists;
      3.    Expresses its gratitude to the Secretary-General for his report on
the measures adopted pursuant to resolution 49/16;
      4.    Encourages the Government of Nicaragua to continue its efforts for
reconstruction and national reconciliation, in particular those related to
poverty alleviation, economic and social development and the solution of
property problems, with a view to the consolidation of a stable democracy;
      5.    Requests all Member States, the international funding agencies and
regional, intraregional and non-governmental organizations to continue to
provide, in a broad and flexible form, support to Nicaragua at the required
levels, giving particular attention to the exceptional circumstances of
Nicaragua, and to stimulate a greater effort in the process of reconstruction,
social investment, stabilization and development;
      6.    Calls upon all Member States, the international funding agencies,
regional and intraregional organizations and, in particular, the Secretary-
General, taking into account the explicit request of the Government of
Nicaragua, to provide the technical cooperation and assistance needed in
support of the electoral process which will take place in Nicaragua in 1996;
      7.    Requests the Secretary-General, in cooperation with the relevant
organs and organizations of the United Nations system and in close cooperation
with the Nicaraguan authorities, to continue to provide all necessary
assistance to activities for the reconstruction, stabilization and development
of Nicaragua and to continue to ensure the timely, comprehensive, flexible and
effective formulation and coordination of programmes of the United Nations
system in Nicaragua, given the importance of those activities for the
consolidation of peace, democracy and sustainable development;
      8.    Also requests the Secretary-General to provide Nicaragua, at the
request of its Government, with all possible assistance to support the
consolidation of peace, democracy and sustainable development in such areas as
caring for displaced persons, land ownership and land tenure in rural areas,
appropriate care for war-disabled persons, mine clearance and the overcoming
of difficulties in the restoration of the productive areas of the country,
and, in general, a process of sustained economic and social recovery and
development so that the peace and democracy already achieved become
      9.    Further requests the Secretary-General to submit to the General
Assembly at its fifty-first session a report on the action taken to implement
the present resolution;
      10.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-first
session the item entitled "International assistance for the rehabilitation and
reconstruction of Nicaragua: aftermath of the war and natural disasters", and
thereafter to consider this issue on a biennial basis, under the item entitled
"Special economic assistance to individual countries or regions".



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