Zone of Peace and Cooperation of the South Atlantic, G.A. res. 50/18, 50 U.N. GAOR Supp. (No. 49) at 23, U.N. Doc. A/50/49 (Vol. I) (1995).

      The General Assembly,
      Recalling its resolution 41/11 of 27 October 1986, in which it solemnly
declared the Atlantic Ocean, in the region between Africa and South America,
the "Zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic",
      Recalling also its subsequent resolutions on the matter, including
resolution 45/36 of 27 November 1990, in which it reaffirmed the determination
of the States of the zone to enhance and accelerate their cooperation in the
political, economic, scientific, cultural and other spheres,
      Reaffirming that the questions of peace and security and those of
development are interrelated and inseparable, and that cooperation for peace
and development among States of the region will promote the objectives of the
zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic,
      Aware of the importance that the States of the zone attach to the
region's environment, and recognizing the threat that pollution from any
source poses to the marine and coastal environment, its ecological balance and
its resources,
      1.    Reaffirms the importance of the purposes and objectives of the
zone of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic as a basis for the
promotion of cooperation among the countries of the region;
      2.    Calls upon all States to cooperate in the promotion of the
objectives established in the declaration of the zone of peace and cooperation
of the South Atlantic and to refrain from any action inconsistent with those
objectives and with the Charter of the United Nations and relevant resolutions
of the Organization, particularly action which may create or aggravate
situations of tension and potential conflict in the region;
      3.    Takes note of the report of the Secretary-General of 24 October
1995, submitted in accordance with its resolution 49/26 of 2 December 1994;
      4.    Recalls the agreement reached at the third meeting of the States
members of the zone, held at Brasilia in 1994, to encourage democracy and
political pluralism and, in accordance with the Vienna Declaration and
Programme of Action adopted by the World Conference on Human Rights on 25 June
1993, to promote and defend all human rights and fundamental freedoms and to
cooperate towards the achievement of those goals;
      5.    Welcomes the progress towards the full entry into force of the
Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the
Caribbean (Treaty of Tlatelolco), and the conclusion of a treaty on a
nuclear-weapon-free zone in Africa;
      6.    Expresses its appreciation for the efforts of the international
community, in accordance with Security Council resolution 976 (1995) of 8
February 1995, aimed at contributing to an effective and lasting peace in
Angola on the basis of the "Acordos de Bicesse" and the Lusaka Protocol;
      7.    Also welcomes recent positive developments in the situation of
Liberia, including progress towards peace and national reconciliation in
accordance with the Abuja Agreement to supplement the Cotonou and Akosombo
Agreements as subsequently clarified by the Accra Agreement;
      8.    Commends the efforts of Member States and humanitarian
organizations to render humanitarian assistance to Angola and Liberia, and
urges them to continue to provide and to increase such assistance;
      9.    Affirms the importance of the South Atlantic to global maritime
and commercial transactions and its determination to preserve the region for
all activities protected by international law, as reflected in the United
Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea;
      10.   Further welcomes the offer by South Africa to host at Cape Town,
on 1 and 2 April 1996, the fourth meeting of the States members of the zone;
      11.   Requests the relevant organizations, organs and bodies of the
United Nations system to render all appropriate assistance which States of the
zone may seek in their joint efforts to implement the declaration of the zone
of peace and cooperation of the South Atlantic;
      12.   Requests the Secretary-General to keep the implementation of
resolution 41/11 and subsequent resolutions on the matter under review and to
submit a report to the General Assembly at its fifty-first session, taking
into account, inter alia, the views expressed by Member States;
      13.   Decides to include in the provisional agenda of its fifty-first
session the item entitled "Zone of peace and cooperation of the South



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