Summary of the Dayton Peace Agreement on
Fact Sheet Released by the Office of the Spokesman, November
The Dayton Proximity Talks culminated in the initialing of a General Framework Agreement for
Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was initialed by the Republic
of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). The Agreement was witnessed
by representatives of the Contact Group nations -- the United
States, Britain, France, Germany, and Russia -- and the European
Union Special Negotiator.
The Dayton Peace Agreement and its Annexes are summarized
General Framework Agreement
- Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic
of Yugoslavia agree to fully respect the sovereign
equality of one another and to settle disputes by
- The FRY and Bosnia and Herzegovina recognize each other,
and agree to discuss further aspects of their mutual
- The parties agree to fully respect and promote
fulfillment of the commitments made in the various
Annexes, and they obligate themselves to respect human
rights and the rights of refugees and displaced persons.
- The parties agree to cooperate fully with all entities,
including those authorized by the United Nations Security
Council, in implementing the peace settlement and
investigating and prosecuting war crimes and other
violations of international humanitarian law.
Annex 1-A: Military Aspects
- The cease-fire that began with the agreement of October
5, 1995 will continue.
- Foreign combatant forces currently in Bosnia are to be
withdrawn within 30 days.
- The parties must complete withdrawal of forces behind a
zone of separation of approximately 4 km within an agreed
period. Special provisions relate to Sarajevo and
- As a confidence-building measure, the parties agree to
withdraw heavy weapons and forces to cantonment/barracks
areas within an agreed period and to demobilize forces
which cannot be accommodated in those areas.
- The agreement invites into Bosnia and Herzegovina a
multinational military Implementation Force, the IFOR,
under the command of NATO, with a grant of authority from
- The IFOR will have the right to monitor and help ensure
compliance with the agreement on military aspects and
fulfill certain supporting tasks. The IFOR will have the
right to carry out its mission vigorously, including with
the use of force as necessary. It will have unimpeded
freedom of movement, control over airspace, and status of
- A Joint Military Commission is established, to be chaired
by the IFOR Commander. Persons under indictment by the
International War Crimes Tribunal cannot participate.
- Information on mines, military personnel, weaponry and
other items must be provided to the Joint Military
Commission within agreed periods.
- All combatants and civilians must be released and
transferred without delay in accordance with a plan to be
developed by the International Committee of the Red
Annex 1-B: Regional Stabilization
- The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Federation
and the Bosnian Serb Republic must begin negotiations
within 7 days, under Organization for Security and
Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) auspices, with the objective
of agreeing on confidence-building measures within 45
days. These could include, for example, restrictions on
military deployments and exercises, notification of
military activities and exchange of data.
- These three parties, as well as Croatia and the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia, agree not to import arms for 90
days and not to import any heavy weapons, heavy weapons
ammunition, mines, military aircraft, and helicopters for
180 days or until an arms control agreement takes effect.
- All five parties must begin negotiations within 30 days,
under OSCE auspices, to agree on numerical limits on
holdings of tanks, artillery, armored combat vehicles,
combat aircraft and attack helicopters.
- If the parties fail to establish limits on these
categories within 180 days, the agreement provides for
specified limits to come into force for the parties.
- The OSCE will organize and conduct negotiations to
establish a regional balance in and around the former
Annex 2: Inter-Entity Boundary
- An Inter-Entity Boundary Line between the Federation and
the Bosnian Serb Republic is agreed.
- Sarajevo will be reunified within the Federation and will
be open to all people of the country.
- Gorazde will remain secure and accessible, linked to the
Federation by a land corridor.
- The status of Brcko will be determined by arbitration
within one year.
Annex 3: Elections
- Free and fair, internationally supervised elections will
be conducted within six to nine months for the Presidency
and House of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina,
for the House of Representatives of the Federation and
the National Assembly and presidency of the Bosnian Serb
Republic, and, if feasible, for local offices.
- Refugees and persons displaced by the conflict will have
the right to vote (including by absentee ballot) in their
original place of residence if they choose to do so.
- The parties must create conditions in which free and fair
elections can be held by protecting the right to vote in
secret and ensuring freedom of expression and the press.
- The OSCE is requested to supervise the preparation and
conduct of these elections.
- All citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina aged 18 or older
listed on the 1991 Bosnian census are eligible to vote.
Annex 4: Constitution
- A new constitution for the Republic of Bosnia and
Herzegovina, which will be known as "Bosnia and
Herzegovina", will be adopted upon signature at
- Bosnia and Herzegovina will continue as a sovereign state
within its present internationally-recognized borders. It
will consist of two entities: the Federation and the
Bosnian Serb Republic.
- The Constitution provides for the protection of human
rights and the free movement of people, goods, capital
and services throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- The central government will have a Presidency, a two
chamber legislature, and a constitutional court. Direct
elections will be held for the Presidency and one of the
- There will be a central bank and monetary system, and the
central government will also have responsibilities for
foreign policy, law enforcement, air traffic control,
communications and other areas to be agreed.
- Military coordination will take place through a committee
including members of the Presidency.
- No person who is serving a sentence imposed by the
International Tribunal, and no person who is under
indictment by the Tribunal and who has failed to comply
with an order to appear before the Tribunal, may stand as
a candidate or hold any appointive, elective, or other
public office in the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Annex 5: Arbitration
- The Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republic agree to
enter into reciprocal commitments to engage in binding
arbitration to resolve disputes between them, and they
agree to design and implement a system of arbitration.
Annex 6: Human Rights
- The agreement guarantees internationally recognized human
rights and fundamental freedoms for all persons within
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- A Commission on Human Rights, composed of a Human Rights
Ombudsman and a Human Rights Chamber (court), is
- The Ombudsman is authorized to investigate human rights
violations, issue findings, and bring and participate in
proceedings before the Human Rights Chamber.
- The Human Rights Chamber is authorized to hear and decide
human rights claims and to issue binding decisions.
- The parties agree to grant UN human rights agencies, the
OSCE, the International Tribunal and other organizations
full access to monitor the human rights situation.
Annex 7: Refugees and Displaced Persons
- The agreement grants refugees and displaced persons the
right to safely return home and regain lost property, or
to obtain just compensation.
- A Commission for Displaced Persons and Refugees will
decide on return of real property or compensation, with
the authority to issue final decisions.
- All persons are granted the right to move freely
throughout the country, without harassment or
- The parties commit to cooperate with the ICRC in finding
all missing persons.
Annex 8: Commission to Preserve National Monuments
- A Commission to Preserve National Monuments is
- The Commission is authorized to receive and act upon
petitions to designate as National Monuments movable or
immovable property of great importance to a group of
people with common cultural, historic, religious or
- When property is designated as a National Monument, the
Entities will make every effort to take appropriate
legal, technical, financial and other measures to protect
and conserve the National Monument and refrain from
taking deliberate actions which might damage it.
Annex 9: Bosnia and Herzegovina Public Corporations
- A Bosnia and Herzegovina Transportation Corporation is
established to organize and operate transportation
facilities, such as roads, railways and ports.
- A Commission on Public Corporations is created to examine
establishing other Bosnia and Herzegovina Public
Corporations to operate joint public facilities, such as
utilities and postal service facilities.
Annex 10: Civilian Implementation
- The parties request that a High Representative be
designated, consistent with relevant UN Security Council
resolutions, to coordinate and facilitate civilian
aspects of the peace settlement, such as humanitarian
aid, economic reconstruction, protection of human rights,
and the holding of free elections.
- The High Representative will chair a Joint Civilian
Commission comprised of senior political representatives
of the parties, the IFOR Commander and representatives of
- The High Representative has no authority over the IFOR.
Annex 11: International Police Task Force
- The UN is requested to establish a UN International
Police Task Force (IPTF) to carry out various tasks,
including training and advising local law enforcement
personnel, as well as monitoring and inspecting law
enforcement activities and facilities.
- The IPTF will be headed by a Commissioner appointed by
the UN Secretary General.
- IPTF personnel must report any credible information on
human rights violations to the Human Rights Commission,
the International Tribunal or other appropriate
Agreement on Initialing the General Framework Agreement
- In this agreement, which was signed at Dayton, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia agree that the negotiations have been
completed. They, and the Entities they represent, commit
themselves to signature of the General Framework
Agreement and its Annexes in Paris.
- They also agree that the initialing of the General
Framework Agreement and its Annexes in Dayton expresses
their consent to be bound by these agreements.