Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women - CEDAW
Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women- CEDAW
Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women- CEDAW-OP
Declaration on the Protection of Women and Children in Emergency and Armed Conflict
Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women
Rules of Procedure (Part 3)
Model Communication Form
The CEDAW Convention is the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, a human rights treaty protecting women’s human rights. The sixteen substantive articles of the Convention outline the obligations to eliminate discrimination and pursue equality in education, health care, employment, family life, and participation in public and political life. Most significantly, ratifying countries (States parties) undertake to eliminate prejudices and customs that perpetuate stereotyped gender roles and inequality.
States parties are obligated to report on the status of women and girls within one year of ratification and every four years thereafter. A 23-member group of independent experts, the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (the CEDAW Committee), monitors implementation of the CEDAW Convention, reviewing country reports on implementation and addressing individual complaints. When a State party’s report is scheduled for review, any NGO with knowledge of sex discrimination issues in that country may submit a shadow report to be considered by the CEDAW Committee. Assessing the Status of Women in the 21st Century: a Guide to Reporting under the CEDAW Convention is the IWRAW publication providing guidance on how to write a shadow report for the CEDAW Convention.
The CEDAW Committee issues Concluding Observations (previously called Concluding Comments) at the end of every session. These remarks are the official opinion of the CEDAW Committee on the progress the reporting States Parties have made in compliance with the obligations of the CEDAW Convention.
With the adoption in 2000 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention, women from States parties gained an avenue for individual claims of Convention violations as well as an opportunity to request a CEDAW Committee inquiry into situations of “grave or systematic” violations of women’s rights. Under the complaints procedure, when a woman’s human rights have been violated, and she has exhausted all possible remedies within her country, she may petition the CEDAW Committee to hear her complaint. Under the inquiry procedure, the Committee may initiate inquiries into situations of “grave or systematic” violations of women’s rights.
For more information on the Optional Protocol, please see:
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