University of Minnesota

World Medical Association, Declaration of Geneva [Physician's Oath], reprinted in Encyclopedia of Bioethics 2646 (Warren Thomas Reich et al. eds., rev. ed. 1995).

(World Medical Association, 1948, 1968, 1983) At the time of being admitted as a member of the medical profession:

I solemnly pledge to consecrate my life to the service of humanity;
I will give to my teachers the respect and gratitude which is their due;
I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity;
The health of my patient will be my first consideration;
I will respect the secrets which are confided in me, even after the patient has died;
I will maintain by all means in my power, the honor and the noble traditions of the medical profession;
My colleagues will be my brothers;
I will not permit considerations of religion, nationality, race, party politics, or social standing to intervene between my duty and my patient;
I will maintain the utmost respect for human life from its beginning even under threat and I will not use my medical knowledge contrary to the laws of humanity;
I make these promises solemnly, freely, and upon my honour.


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