Summary of the Dayton Peace Agreement on
Fact Sheet Released by the Office of the Spokesman, November 30,
The Dayton Proximity Talks culminated in the initialing of a
General Framework Agreement for
Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina. It was initialed by the Republic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Republic of Croatia and the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY). The Agreement was witnessed by
representatives of the Contact Group nations -- the United States,
Britain, France, Germany, and Russia -- and the European Union
The Dayton Peace Agreement and its Annexes are summarized below.
General Framework Agreement
- Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of
Yugoslavia agree to fully respect the sovereign equality of one
another and to settle disputes by peaceful means.
- The FRY and Bosnia and Herzegovina recognize each other, and
agree to discuss further aspects of their mutual recognition.
- The parties agree to fully respect and promote fulfillment of
the commitments made in the various Annexes, and they obligate
themselves to respect human rights and the rights of refugees and
- The parties agree to cooperate fully with all entities,
including those authorized by the United Nations Security Council,
in implementing the peace settlement and investigating and
prosecuting war crimes and other violations of international
Annex 1-A: Military Aspects
- The cease-fire that began with the agreement of October 5,
1995 will continue.
- Foreign combatant forces currently in Bosnia are to be
withdrawn within 30 days.
- The parties must complete withdrawal of forces behind a zone
of separation of approximately 4 km within an agreed period.
Special provisions relate to Sarajevo and Gorazde.
- As a confidence-building measure, the parties agree to
withdraw heavy weapons and forces to cantonment/barracks areas
within an agreed period and to demobilize forces which cannot be
accommodated in those areas.
- The agreement invites into Bosnia and Herzegovina a
multinational military Implementation Force, the IFOR, under the
command of NATO, with a grant of authority from the UN.
- The IFOR will have the right to monitor and help ensure
compliance with the agreement on military aspects and fulfill
certain supporting tasks. The IFOR will have the right to carry
out its mission vigorously, including with the use of force as
necessary. It will have unimpeded freedom of movement, control
over airspace, and status of forces protection.
- A Joint Military Commission is established, to be chaired by
the IFOR Commander. Persons under indictment by the International
War Crimes Tribunal cannot participate.
- Information on mines, military personnel, weaponry and other
items must be provided to the Joint Military Commission within
- All combatants and civilians must be released and transferred
without delay in accordance with a plan to be developed by the
International Committee of the Red Cross.
Annex 1-B: Regional Stabilization
- The Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, the Federation and the
Bosnian Serb Republic must begin negotiations within 7 days, under
Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
auspices, with the objective of agreeing on confidence-building
measures within 45 days. These could include, for example,
restrictions on military deployments and exercises, notification
of military activities and exchange of data.
- These three parties, as well as Croatia and the Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia, agree not to import arms for 90 days and
not to import any heavy weapons, heavy weapons ammunition, mines,
military aircraft, and helicopters for 180 days or until an arms
control agreement takes effect.
- All five parties must begin negotiations within 30 days, under
OSCE auspices, to agree on numerical limits on holdings of tanks,
artillery, armored combat vehicles, combat aircraft and attack
- If the parties fail to establish limits on these categories
within 180 days, the agreement provides for specified limits to
come into force for the parties.
- The OSCE will organize and conduct negotiations to establish a
regional balance in and around the former Yugoslavia.
Annex 2: Inter-Entity Boundary
- An Inter-Entity Boundary Line between the Federation and the
Bosnian Serb Republic is agreed.
- Sarajevo will be reunified within the Federation and will be
open to all people of the country.
- Gorazde will remain secure and accessible, linked to the
Federation by a land corridor.
- The status of Brcko will be determined by arbitration within
Annex 3: Elections
- Free and fair, internationally supervised elections will be
conducted within six to nine months for the Presidency and House
of Representatives of Bosnia and Herzegovina, for the House of
Representatives of the Federation and the National Assembly and
presidency of the Bosnian Serb Republic, and, if feasible, for
- Refugees and persons displaced by the conflict will have the
right to vote (including by absentee ballot) in their original
place of residence if they choose to do so.
- The parties must create conditions in which free and fair
elections can be held by protecting the right to vote in secret
and ensuring freedom of expression and the press.
- The OSCE is requested to supervise the preparation and conduct
of these elections.
- All citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina aged 18 or older listed
on the 1991 Bosnian census are eligible to vote.
Annex 4: Constitution
- A new constitution for the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina,
which will be known as "Bosnia and Herzegovina", will be adopted
upon signature at Paris.
- Bosnia and Herzegovina will continue as a sovereign state
within its present internationally-recognized borders. It will
consist of two entities: the Federation and the Bosnian Serb
- The Constitution provides for the protection of human rights
and the free movement of people, goods, capital and services
throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- The central government will have a Presidency, a two chamber
legislature, and a constitutional court. Direct elections will be
held for the Presidency and one of the legislative chambers.
- There will be a central bank and monetary system, and the
central government will also have responsibilities for foreign
policy, law enforcement, air traffic control, communications and
other areas to be agreed.
- Military coordination will take place through a committee
including members of the Presidency.
- No person who is serving a sentence imposed by the
International Tribunal, and no person who is under indictment by
the Tribunal and who has failed to comply with an order to appear
before the Tribunal, may stand as a candidate or hold any
appointive, elective, or other public office in the territory of
Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Annex 5: Arbitration
- The Federation and the Bosnian Serb Republic agree to enter
into reciprocal commitments to engage in binding arbitration to
resolve disputes between them, and they agree to design and
implement a system of arbitration.
Annex 6: Human Rights
- The agreement guarantees internationally recognized human
rights and fundamental freedoms for all persons within Bosnia and
- A Commission on Human Rights, composed of a Human Rights
Ombudsman and a Human Rights Chamber (court), is established.
- The Ombudsman is authorized to investigate human rights
violations, issue findings, and bring and participate in
proceedings before the Human Rights Chamber.
- The Human Rights Chamber is authorized to hear and decide
human rights claims and to issue binding decisions.
- The parties agree to grant UN human rights agencies, the OSCE,
the International Tribunal and other organizations full access to
monitor the human rights situation.
Annex 7: Refugees and Displaced Persons
- The agreement grants refugees and displaced persons the right
to safely return home and regain lost property, or to obtain just
- A Commission for Displaced Persons and Refugees will decide on
return of real property or compensation, with the authority to
issue final decisions.
- All persons are granted the right to move freely throughout
the country, without harassment or discrimination.
- The parties commit to cooperate with the ICRC in finding all
Annex 8: Commission to Preserve National Monuments
- A Commission to Preserve National Monuments is established.
- The Commission is authorized to receive and act upon petitions
to designate as National Monuments movable or immovable property
of great importance to a group of people with common cultural,
historic, religious or ethnic heritage.
- When property is designated as a National Monument, the
Entities will make every effort to take appropriate legal,
technical, financial and other measures to protect and conserve
the National Monument and refrain from taking deliberate actions
which might damage it.
Annex 9: Bosnia and Herzegovina Public Corporations
- A Bosnia and Herzegovina Transportation Corporation is
established to organize and operate transportation facilities,
such as roads, railways and ports.
- A Commission on Public Corporations is created to examine
establishing other Bosnia and Herzegovina Public Corporations to
operate joint public facilities, such as utilities and postal
Annex 10: Civilian Implementation
- The parties request that a High Representative be designated,
consistent with relevant UN Security Council resolutions, to
coordinate and facilitate civilian aspects of the peace
settlement, such as humanitarian aid, economic reconstruction,
protection of human rights, and the holding of free elections.
- The High Representative will chair a Joint Civilian Commission
comprised of senior political representatives of the parties, the
IFOR Commander and representatives of civilian organizations.
- The High Representative has no authority over the IFOR.
Annex 11: International Police Task Force
- The UN is requested to establish a UN International Police
Task Force (IPTF) to carry out various tasks, including training
and advising local law enforcement personnel, as well as
monitoring and inspecting law enforcement activities and
- The IPTF will be headed by a Commissioner appointed by the UN
- IPTF personnel must report any credible information on human
rights violations to the Human Rights Commission, the
International Tribunal or other appropriate organizations.
Agreement on Initialing the General Framework Agreement
- In this agreement, which was signed at Dayton, Bosnia and
Herzegovina, Croatia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia agree
that the negotiations have been completed. They, and the Entities
they represent, commit themselves to signature of the General
Framework Agreement and its Annexes in Paris.
- They also agree that the initialing of the General Framework
Agreement and its Annexes in Dayton expresses their consent to be
bound by these agreements.