32. The Committee urges the State
party to ensure that economic, social and cultural rights are incorporated
into national domestic legislation and made justiciable. The Committee points
out that, irrespective of the system through which international law is
incorporated in the domestic legal order (monism or dualism), following
ratification of an international instrument, the State party is under an
obligation to comply with it and to give it full effect in the domestic
legal order. In this respect, the Committee draws the attention of the State
party to its General Comment No. 9 on the domestic application of the Covenant.
54. The Committee recommends
that the State party provide, in its next periodic report, on disaggregated
and comparative year-by-year basis, facts and figures on access to basic
health care facilities, goods and services, and similar figures about the
development of a private health care system, including on the effects of
this on continued access to health facilities by the disadvantaged and marginalized
groups of society.
55. The Committee encourages
the State party to continue to provide human rights education at schools
at all levels and to raise awareness about human rights, in particular economic,
social and cultural rights, a well as among state officials and the judiciary.
56. The Committee requests the
State party to disseminate its concluding observations widely among all
levels of society, and in particular State officials and the judiciary,
and to inform the Committee on all steps taken to implement them in its
third periodic report. The Committee also recommends the State party to
involve non-governmental organizations and other members of civil society
in the preparation of its third periodic report.
33. The Committee recommends the State party to formulate and implement
a comprehensive national plan of action for the protection and promotion
of human rights, as recommended in paragraph 71 of the 1993 Vienna Declaration
and Programme of Action, and to include information on this matter in the
next periodic report.
34. The Committee recommends the State party that the Ombudsman should be
given powers to deal with all human rights issues, including economic, social
and cultural rights.
35. The Committee recommends the State party to ratify the ILO Conventions
relevant to economic, social and cultural rights and to withdraw its reservation
to art. 8 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural
Rights. In addition, the Committee notes with interest the State party's
declaration that it will re-consider its position regarding the denunciation
of human rights instruments.
36. The Committee requests the State party in its next periodic report to
provide extensive gender disaggregated data in order to facilitate the analysis
of trends, progress or worrying tendencies with regard to the enjoyment
of economic, social and cultural rights.
37. The Committee recommends that the State party take legislative and other
effective measures to eliminate discrimination in accordance with article
2.2 of the Covenant. In particular, the Committee wishes to encourage the
State to undertake proactive policies to promote the rights of individuals,
especially with regard to their sexual orientation and HIV/AIDS status.
38. The Committee urges that the State party enact specific legislation
and adopt concrete measures to ensure better living conditions for persons
39. The Committee recommends that the State party to take effective action
to reduce unemployment among young people by providing further vocational
40. The Committee urges the State party to take legislative measures and
otherwise to ensure equal pay for work of equal value with respect to men
41. The Committee recommends that the State party review the minimum wage
level in order to enable the workers to attain an adequate standard of living
for themselves and their families.
42. The Committee urges the State party to review and harmonize legislation
on the minimum working age and to implement measures to provide children
with sufficient legal protection. In this regard, the Committee recommends
that the State party ratify ILO Convention No. 138 on Minimum Age.
43. The Committee recommends that legislation preventing workers from striking
be reviewed in view of the State party's international commitments and that
the requirements for trade unions membership be lowered, in order to facilitate
more constructive and meaningful dialogue between workers and employers.
The Committee also urges the State party to ensure that mechanisms for monitoring
conditions at work are provided with sufficient human and financial resources
to enable them to protect effectively the rights of workers.
44. The Committee urges the State party to take effective legislative measures
and otherwise in order to address child labour. In this regards, the Committee
recommends the State party to ratify ILO Convention No.182 on Worst Forms
of Child Labour.
45. The Committee calls upon the State party to take all effective measures,
including the enforcement of existing legislation and the extension of national
awareness campaigns, to eliminate all forms of violence and discrimination
46. The Committee requests the State party in its next periodic report to
provide detailed information based on comparative data about the problem
of abortion in Trinidad and Tobago and the measures, legislative or otherwise,
including the review of its present legislation, it has undertaken to protect
women from clandestine and unsafe abortion.
47. The Committee while noting the sustained efforts made to address the
HIV/AIDS problems, urges the State party to step up its measures for combating
the HIV/AIDS disease, and in particular to enhance the provision of education
on sexual and reproductive health.
48. The Committee recommends that the State party, in the next periodic
report, should provide more detailed statistics on a disaggregated and comparative
basis concerning specific health programmes devoted to reducing and preventing
infant mortality and maternal mortality, as well as teenage pregnancies
and back street abortions. The State party is invited to set benchmarks
in this area which might form the basis of the dialogue with the Committee
during the next period review.
49. The Committee urges the State party to enact specific legislation and
adopt measures necessary to improve the living conditions of prisoners and
50. The Committee urges the State party to integrate in its Poverty Reduction
Programmes economic, social and cultural rights. In this regard, the State
party is urged to give the most careful attention to the Committee's Statement
on Poverty and Human Rights of 4 May 2001 (E/C.12/2001/10).
51. The Committee urges the State party to devise a housing strategy for
disadvantaged and marginalized groups and provide low-cost housing units
to them. The Committee also urges the State party to provide more disaggregated
data on squatters as well as to adopt measures to improve their legal position
with regard to their security of tenure. In addition, the Committee recommends
that the State party take into account the Committee's General Comments
4 and 7 in relation to the right to adequate housing and on forced evictions.
52. The Committee calls on the State party to effectively prohibit the use
of corporal punishment in all areas of life.
53. The Committee calls upon the State party to exercise the full authority
of the law and all means at its command to eradicate the scourge of violence.
The Committee reminds the Sate party that in undertaking measures to combat
violence, respect for human dignity and protection of human rights must
be ensured at all times. The Committee requests the State party to provide
in its third periodic report detailed information on the measures it has
taken and the progress it has achieved in its efforts to eradicate all forms
of violence, particularly violence against women and children and excessive
force used by the police.
57. Finally, the Committee requests the State party to submit its third
periodic report by 30 June, 2007, and to include in this report detailed
information on the steps it has undertaken to implement the Committee's
recommendations contained in the present concluding observations.