This bibliography is divided into two sections. The first cites selected resources which workshop participants have found particularly useful for their understanding of ESC rights standards, conceptual issues, and international human rights mechanisms. It is not exhaustive. The second section lists those resources which were cited in Ripple in Still Water, as well as interviews with and contributions by workshop participants which were critical to the development of this resource. For information about international human rights standards related to ESC rights standards and United Nations documents, refer to Appendix B: A List of Relevant UN Documents and Partial Compilation of ESC Rights Standards.
Selected Readings Recommended by Workshop Participants
Alston and Quinn, "The Nature and Scope of States Parties' Obligations Under the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights." Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 9, No. 2, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, May 1987.
Andreassen, Skalnes, Smith and Stokke, "Assessing Human Rights Performance in Developing Countries: The Case for a Minimal Threshold Approach to the Economic and Social Rights." Yearbook of Human Rights in Developing Countries 1987/1988, Copenhagen, 1988.
Berenstein, "Economic and Social Rights: Their Inclusion in the European Convention on Human Rights - Problems of Formulation and Interpretation." Human Rights Law Journal, 1981.
Center for Economic and Social Rights, UN-Sanctioned Suffering: A Human Rights Assessment of United Nations Sanctions on Iraq. New York, 1996.
Center for Economic and Social Rights, Rights Violations in the Ecuadorian Amazon: The Human Consequences of Oil Development, New York, 1994.
Craven, The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Perspective on its Development. Oxford University Press, New York, 1995.
Flinterman, "The Protection of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights." In Lawson and DeBlois (Eds.), The Dynamics of Human Rights in Europe: Essays in Honour of Henry G. Schermers, vol. III, 1994.
Gomez, "Social and Economic Rights and Human Rights Commissions." Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 1, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1995.
van Hoof, "The Legal Nature of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Rebuttal of Some Traditional Views." In Alston and Tomasevski (Eds.), The Right to Food, Martinnus Nijhoff, 1984.
Hunt, Reclaiming Social Rights: International and Comparative Perspectives. Dartmouth, 1996.
International Commission of Jurists (ICJ), "Bangalore Declaration and Plan of Action." Geneva, 1995.
Leary, "The Right to Complain: The Right to Health." In Coomans and van Hoof (Eds.), The Right to Complain about Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, SIM, Utrecht, 1995.
Leckie, "The Justiciability of Housing Rights." In Coomans and van Hoof (Eds.), The Right to Complain about Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, SIM, Utrecht, 1995.
Robertson, "Measuring State Compliance with the Obligation to Devote the 'Maximum Available Resources' to Realizing Economic, Social and Cultural Rights." Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 16, No. 4, 1994.
Scheinin, "Direct Applicability of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Critique of the Doctrine of Self-Executing Treaties." In (Drzewicki, Krause & Rosas (Eds.), Social Rights as Human Rights: A European Challenge, Abo Akademi University, Turku, 1994.
Scott, "The Interdependence and Permeability of Human Rights Norms: Towards a Partial Fusion of the International Covenants on Human Rights." Osgoode Hall Law Journal, Vol. 27, No. 4, 1989.
Scott & Macklem, "Constitutional Ropes of Sand or Justiciable Guarantees? Social Rights in a New South African Constitution." University of Pennsylvania Law Review, Vol. 141, No. 1, 1989.
Simma, "The Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights." In Engel Verlag, The Implementation of Economic and Social Rights: National, International and Comparative Aspects, Kehl, 1991.
Teitelbaum, "La Criminalizacion de las Violaciones al Derecho al Dessarrollo y a los Derechos Economicos, Sociales y Culturales." In International League for the Rights and Liberation of Peoples, Impunity, Geneva, 1993.
Resources Cited or Referenced in Ripple in Still Water Advocacy Institute, "Alliance Building". From workshop materials, Washington, 1995.
Alston, Philip, "The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights". The United Nations and Human Rights: A Critical Appraisal, Clarendon Press, Oxford, 1992.
Amherst H. Wilder Foundation, Strategic Planning Workbook for Nonprofit Organizations. Publishing Center for Cultural Resources, New York City, 1986.
Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (Forum-Asia), Handbook on Fact-Finding and Documentation of Human Rights Violations. Bangkok, 1993.
Bhatt, Mihar R., "Budget Analysis and Policy Priority: DISHA's Experience". Foundation for Public Interest, Ahmedabad, 1995.
Bilder, Richard, "An Overview of International Human Rights Law". Guide to International Human Rights Practice, University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia, 1984.
Buhl, Cindy, A Citizen's Guide to the Multilateral Development Banks and Indigenous Peoples. Bank Information Center, Washington, D.C., 1995.
Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions, Legal Provisions on Housing Rights: International and National Approaches. Utrecht, 1994.
Chapman, Audrey, A 'Violations Approach' for Monitoring the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights". Human Rights Quarterly, Vol. 18, Number 1, Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1996.
Civil Liberties Organisation, Annual Report on Human Rights in Nigeria, 1993. Lagos, 1993.
Dhavan, Rajeev, "Promises, Promises...: Human Rights in India". PILSARC Working Paper No. 130, Public Interest Legal Support and Research Centre, New Delhi, 1996.
Human Rights Watch, The Ogoni Crisis: A Case-Study of Military Repression in Southeastern Nigeria. New York, July 1995.
Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, The World Bank: Governance and Human Rights. 2nd Edition, New York, 1995.
Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan, "The Right to Know; The Right to Live: People's Struggle in Rajasthan and the Right to Information". Rajasthan, India, 1996.
Pan American Health Organization, The Right to Health in the Americas: A Comparative Constitutional Study. Washington, D.C., 1989.
Provea (Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acción en Derechos Humanos), Health as a Right: Framework for the National and International Protection of the Human Right to Health. Caracas, 1996.
Shihata, Ibrahim, "The World Bank and Human Rights: An Analysis of the Legal Issues and the Record of Achievements," Paper Submitted to the International Third World Legal Studies Association Panel on the World Bank, Development Projects and Human Rights: The Obligations of the Bank. The World Bank, January 8, 1988.
Udall, Lori, A Citizen's Guide to the World Bank's Information Policy. Bank Information Center, Washington, D.C., 1994. United Nations Development Program, Human Development Report 1991. New York, 1991.
Interviews with ESC Rights Activists1
Ligia Bolívar, Coordinator, Provea (Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acci ón en Derechos Humanos), Venezuela, August 1, 1995 and February 28, 1996.
Ma. Socorro I. Diokno, Secretary General, Free Legal Assistance Group, Philippines, September 8, 1995.
Manuel Guzman, Executive Director, HURIDOCS Secretariat, Switzerland, May 23, 1996.
Scott Leckie, Center on Housing Rights and Evictions, Switzerland, July 2, 1996.
Sanphasit Koompraphant, Executive Director, Centre for the Protection of Children's Rights, Thailand, June 17, 1996.
Alberto León Gómez Zuluaga, Subdirector for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Comisión de Colombiana Juristas, Colombia, February 27 and May 24, 1996.
Michael McCormack, Convenor, Caribbean Initiative on Equality and Non-Discrimination, Guyana, February 27, 1996.
M.D. Mistry, Director, Developing Initiatives for Social and Human Action, India, May 8, 1996.
Felix Morka, Director, Social and Economic Rights Action Center, Nigeria, June 19, 1995.
Bruce Porter, Coordinator, Centre for Equality Rights in Accommodation, Canada, March 19, 1996.
Malee Preukpongsawalee, Committee Member and former Secretary General, Friends of Women Foundation, Thailand, June 20, 1996.
Hatim Kanaaneh, Coordinator for International Relations, Equality Conference, and former Director, Galilee Society for Health Research and Services, Israel, March 14, 1996.
Vincent Saldanha, Staff Lawyer, Legal Resources Centre, South Africa, June 21, 1996.
Henk Smith, Director of Land, Housing and Development Unit, Legal Resources Centre, South Africa, May 9, 1996.
Unpublished Papers Presented or Distributed at the International Workshop on National-Level Activism in Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Caribbean Initiative on Equality and Non-Discrimination, "Developing a National Policy for Children within the Framework of the Convention on the Rights of the Child", packet of materials distributed by Michael McCormack, July 23, 1996.
Diokno, Ma. Socorro I., "Issues, Goals and Strategies of the Free Legal Assistance Group in Relation to its Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Program," Free Legal Assistance Group, presented July 22, 1996.
Saldanha, Vincent, "The Legal Resources Centre: Litigation Strategies", Legal Resources Centre, Cape Town, 19 July 1996.
Saldanha, Vincent, "Policy Work and Legislative Advocacy", Legal Resources Centre, Cape Town, 19 July 1996.