ON THE ELIMINATION
OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS
SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES
UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION
Papua New Guinea
92. In its concluding observations
adopted at its forty-first session (A/47/18, paras. 265-266) and at
its forty-third session (A/48/18, paras. 566-573) the Committee requested
further information from the Government of Papua New Guinea on the situation
in Bougainville, in accordance with article 9, paragraph 1, of the Convention.
No information was received in response to those requests.
93. The Committee considered
the implementation of the Convention in Papua New Guinea at its 1060th
meeting, on 12 August 1994 (see CERD/C/SR.1060).
94. Members of the Committee
focused on the situation in Bougainville, which was one of the State
party's most resource-rich areas and had the world's largest copper
95. Members of the Committee
expressed concern over statements that numerous human rights violations,
including summary executions and population transfers, had been committed.
They also expressed deep concern about the large-scale mining operations
96. Members emphasized that
the situation of human rights in Papua New Guinea was not solely an
internal matter and that the continued refusal to cooperate with and
to report to the Committee constituted a violation of an international
97. Members noted that a
national commission for human rights had been set up by the Government
of the State party, which could be a useful contact for the Centre for
Human Rights and for the Committee.
98. At its 1067th meeting,
on 18 August 1994, the Committee adopted the following concluding observations.
(a) Principal subjects
99. The Committee regrets
that the State party has not fulfilled its obligation under article
9, paragraph 1, of the Convention, to report regularly on the legislative,
judicial, administrative and other measures which have been adopted
to give effect to the provisions of the Convention. The Committee also
deeply regrets that no information has been received pursuant to the
requests made at its forty-first and forty-third sessions. The Committee
reiterates that, in accordance with the Convention, the Government is
under an international obligation to cooperate with the Committee.
100. The Committee is gravely
concerned at reports of serious human rights violations, including summary
executions and population transfers in Bougainville, where the population
is ethnically distinct.
101. The Committee continues
to be concerned about the possible resumption of large-scale mining
operations in Bougainville without due regard to the rights of the population
and the effects of environmental degradation.
(b) Suggestions and recommendations
102. The Committee strongly
urges that the Government of Papua New Guinea resume its dialogue with
the Committee and thus fulfil its obligation under the Convention. In
that regard, the Committee reiterates its request for information about
the implementation of the Convention in general and the situation prevailing
in Bougainville in particular. The Committee suggests that the State
party avail itself of the services of the Centre for Human Rights in
the preparation of its reports.
103. The Committee suggests
that the Government of Papua New Guinea cooperate with the Secretary-General
of the United Nations and with the United Nations High Commissioner
for Human Rights.
104. The Committee again
requests that information concerning the human rights situation in the
whole territory of Papua New Guinea that is available to the Secretary-General
be shared with the Committee.
105. The Committee again
expresses its willingness to accept any request which may be made by
the Government of Papua New Guinea to provide technical assistance with
a view to re-establishing a dialogue between the Government and the
group controlling Bougainville or any part thereof.