University of Minnesota

Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee on the Elimination of
Racial Discrimination, Mali, U.N. Doc. A/49/18, paras. 275-283 (1994).







Concluding observations of the Committee on the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination


275. At its 1028th meeting, on 10 March 1994 (see CERD/C/SR.1028), the Committee reviewed the implementation of the Convention by Mali based on its previous report (CERD/C/130/Add.2) and the consideration thereof by the Committee (see CERD/C/SR.754). The Committee noted that no new report had been received since 1986.

276. Members of the Committee noted that the military Government, which had been in power for 23 years, had been overthrown in 1991. Since then, a multiparty political system had been established, democratic elections had been organized and a new Constitution had been adopted. The period under review had been marked by the conclusion of that process. There were thus signs of improvement in institutions, legislation and the general human rights situation.

277. Members of the Committee noted that in April 1991 a peace agreement had been concluded between the new Government and the organizations of Tuareg opposition groups. Acts of violence had nevertheless continued to take place between the Tuareg groups, which had not accepted the peace agreement, and the Malian army, and ethnic conflict had developed.

278. Members of the Committee also noted that the last two periodic reports of Mali had been incomplete, particularly with regard to the implementation of article 5 of the Convention. Members expressed concern over the situation of individuals belonging to the Tuareg community, noting that they were not represented in Parliament. In this connection, members wished to have detailed information on the extent to which Tuaregs participated in public life.

Concluding observations

279. At its 1037th meeting, on 15 March 1994, the Committee adopted the following concluding observations.

280. Regret is expressed that Mali has not submitted a report since 1986 and that it has not responded to the Committee's invitation to take part in its deliberations at the current session. The unwillingness of the Government of Mali to cooperate and to maintain a dialogue with the Committee makes it difficult for the latter to discharge its functions under the Convention effectively.

281. Recalling that the last report submitted by the Government of Mali in 1986 did not follow the Committee's guidelines for the preparation of reports, the State party is requested to comply fully with reporting obligations under article 9 of the Convention and to ensure that the report to be submitted to the Committee is prepared in accordance with guidelines and submitted without further delay. In that connection, it is suggested that the Government of Mali avail itself of technical assistance provided under the advisory services and technical assistance programme of the Centre for Human Rights.

282. It is recommended that the next report to be submitted include detailed information on measures taken to implement article 4 (b), measures which have been taken to protect the rights of Tuaregs under article 5 of the Convention and the difficulties encountered in implementing the provisions of the Convention.

283. The Committee draws the attention of the State party to the amendment to article 8, paragraph 6, of the Convention, which was approved by the fifteenth meeting of States parties and by the General Assembly in its resolution 47/111, and encourages the State party to expedite its action formally to accept that amendment.



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