COMMITTEE ON THE ELIMINATION
OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
4-22 March 2002
OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES
UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION
observations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
1. The Committee considered the initial report of Liechtenstein (CERD/C/394/Add.1)
at its 1515th and 1516th meetings (CERD/C/SR.1515 and 1516), on 18 and
19 March 2002, and at its 1520th meeting (CERD/C/SR.1520), on 22 March
2002, adopted the following concluding observations.
2. The Committee welcomes the initial report presented by the Government
of Liechtenstein, which is in general conformity with the requirements
of the Convention. The Committee expresses its appreciation for the open
and frank dialogue with the delegation of the State party, as well as
for the detailed answers to questions raised and concerns expressed during
the consideration of the report.
3. The Committee welcomes the submission by the State party of its initial
report within the established timetable, namely the period of one year
after entry into force of the Convention for Liechtenstein.
4. The Committee also expresses appreciation for the fact that the State
party amended relevant national legislation to be in line with the Convention
before proceeding with its ratification.
5. The Committee notes with interest that an amendment to the law on the
Supreme Court will be introduced in the near future, aimed at extending
the Supreme Court's competence to hear cases of alleged violations of
the rights guaranteed in the Convention. In this connection, the Committee
further notes with satisfaction the State party's intention to make the
declaration under article 14.
6. The Committee expresses satisfaction with measures undertaken by the
State party to address the phenomenon of right-wing extremism, which was
reported to be on the increase in Liechtenstein. Those measures include
the establishment of an expert group within the police force and the creation
of an inter-agency coordinating group (KOR) for this phenomenon.
7. The Committee notes the efforts undertaken by the State party to ensure
the integration of refugees and asylum-seekers in society, inter alia
through access to the labour market, as well as through the admission
of children of refugees and asylum-seekers to public schools, complemented
by intensive German language courses.
8. The Committee notes with appreciation that civil servants in Liechtenstein
are not necessarily required to have Liechtenstein citizenship.
C. Concerns and recommendations
9. The Committee notes that, while a police treaty between the State party
and its neighbouring countries (Austria and Switzerland) provides for
police cooperation concerning right-wing groups which may promote racial
discrimination and xenophobia and their activities, there does not seem
to be particular training of law enforcement officers in this field. The
Committee recommends that the State party attempt to develop such training
courses for law enforcement officers, as this would increase the State
party's capacity to combat all forms of racial discrimination effectively.
10. The Committee notes that the State party is supporting efforts made
by non-governmental organizations to help foreigners to integrate into
society. The Committee recommends that the State party continue to lend
its support to such organizations in this work which includes providing
German language courses, counselling services and information. The Committee
recommends that such activities be expanded, with a view to raising multicultural
awareness and enhancing mutual understanding. To that end, the State party
might consider ensuring adequate financial support on a continuing basis.
11. The Committee further notes that the State party provides facilities
to foreign associations organizing mother-tongue language courses and
courses on the culture of countries of origin, but that it does not provide
financial support for teachers or educational material. The Committee
therefore recommends that the State party consider providing funding for
associations that organize such courses
12 The Committee regrets the absence of statistical data on the number
of children of refugees and asylum-seekers attending public school and
intensive German language courses. The Committee requests that the State
party provide statistical data in that respect in its next periodic report.
13. With regard to the right to adequate housing, the Committee is concerned
that discrimination on racial grounds in the allocation of housing is
said to occur, albeit infrequently. The Committee invites the State party
to provide in its next report information on occurrences of discrimination
in the housing sector.
14. The Committee requests the State party to provide in its next periodic
report information on access to social security and health care by non-nationals.
15. The Committee recommends that the State party take into account the
relevant parts of the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action when
implementing the Convention in the domestic legal order, in particular
in respect of articles 2 to 7 of the Convention, and that it include in
its next periodic report information on action plans or other measures
taken to implement the Durban Declaration and Programme of Action at the
16. The Committee invites the State party to undertake specific efforts
to disseminate the Convention in German so that the population can become
more aware of issues of racial discrimination, racism and xenophobia.
17. The Committee requests the State party to disseminate its report and
the Committee's concluding observations widely among all levels of society,
and in particular State officials and the judiciary, and to inform the
Committee on steps taken to implement them in its next periodic report.
It also encourages the State party to continue to involve non-governmental
organizations and other members of civil society in the preparation of
the next periodic report.
18. The Committee recommends that the State party's next periodic report,
due on 22 March 2003, be an updating report and that it address, inter
alia, the points raised in the present observations.
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