OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES
UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION
Concluding observations of the Committee on the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination
401. At its 1065th meeting,
held on 17 August 1994, the Committee adopted the following concluding
402. The State party is commended
for the quality of its report, drawn up in accordance with the Committee's
guidelines for the preparation of State party reports (CERD/C/70/Rev.3).
Satisfaction is expressed at the frank and constructive approach taken
by the representatives of the reporting State in their dialogue with the
Committee and for the additional information they provided with regard
to recent developments relating to the implementation of the Convention
in Iceland. It is regretted, however, that the tenth, eleventh and twelfth
periodic reports were not submitted in due time.
(b) Positive aspects
403. The efforts made to harmonize
national legislation with the provisions of the Convention are welcomed.
In that connection, note is taken of the revision of the chapter of the
Constitution relating to human rights, of the new Administrative Law N.37/1993,
and of the revision of Law N.45/1965 on the Control of Aliens. Note is
also taken of the establishment of the office of the Ombudsman of the
Althing in 1988.
(c) Principal subjects
404. Concern is expressed
as to the status in the domestic legal order of Iceland of the Convention,
which is not incorporated in national law, and therefore cannot be directly
applied in the courts.
405. Note is taken that too
little attention is paid to foreigners and minorities in the Icelandic
legal system and that there is no specific legislation in Iceland in the
field of racial discrimination.
406. Concern is expressed
that the State party has not implemented the provisions contained in article
4 (b) of the Convention.
(d) Suggestions and recommendations
407. The Committee recommends
that Iceland incorporate the Convention in national law.
408. The Committee recommends
that the Government take further measures to implement fully the provisions
of article 4 of the Convention, which are of a mandatory character as
stated in general recommendation VII (32) of the Committee and which oblige
States parties to declare illegal and prohibit organizations that promote
and incite racial discrimination.
409. The Committee would welcome
any information that the State party is able to provide concerning measures
taken to combat racial discrimination in the fields of teaching, education,
culture and information.
410. The Committee draws the
attention of the State party to the amendment to article 8, paragraph
6, of the Convention, which was approved by the fifteenth meeting of States
parties and by the General Assembly in its resolution 47/111, and encourages
the State party to expedite its action formally to accept that amendment.