OF RACIAL DISCRIMINATION
CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES
UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION
Concluding observations of the Committee on the
Elimination of Racial Discrimination
653. At its 1125th meeting,
held on 17 August 1995, the Committee adopted the following concluding
654. The Committee observed
with satisfaction the desire of the Government of the State party and
its delegation to renew its dialogue with the Committee, despite the grave
domestic problems confronting Chad. It regretted the fact that the fifth,
sixth, seventh and eighth reports had not been submitted within the specified
times and that the ninth periodic report was extremely brief and did not
comply with the Committee's guidelines for the preparation of reports
or the provisions of the Convention. It was, however, pleased that the
oral presentation by the delegation of the State party - markedly better
than the written report - very extensively supplemented the periodic report.
655. It was noted that the
State party had not made the declaration provided for in article 14 of
the Convention, and members of the Committee requested that consideration
should be given to the possibility of making such a declaration.
(b) Positive aspects
656. The extensive additional
information provided in the delegation's oral presentation, both on institutional
matters and on the breakdown of the population and the country's leading
socio-economic indicators, was particularly appreciated. As a result,
the delegation was requested to circulate the text of its oral presentation
as a supplementary report.
657. The Committee noted Chad's
admission to its territory of several non-governmental human rights organizations,
and an improvement in the exercise of freedom of expression, in the press
and elsewhere. It also considered highly encouraging the recent ratification
of a number of international human rights conventions.
(c) Principal subjects
658. Concern was expressed
over the allegations of serious human rights violations in the State party,
including violations of the Convention. Concern was also expressed over
the paralysis of the judiciary, associated with the lack of resources
allocated to the courts, the inadequate training given to judges and political
659. Other causes for concern
related to the ethnic aspect of the human rights violations, the predominant
influence of certain ethnic minorities close to the State within the administration
and the army, and the growing antagonism between the north and south of
660. The information given
on the socio-economic situation of the population was considered inadequate
in the ninth periodic report but much fuller in the delegation's oral
661. The written report also
failed to provide enough information on the existence of legislation giving
effect to article 4 of the Convention.
662. As regards the implementation
of article 6 of the Convention, the report had not enlightened the Committee
as to the steps taken to ensure the effective use of remedies so that
victims of racial or ethnic discrimination could secure the punishment
of discriminatory acts and compensation for the injury caused.
(d) Suggestions and recommendations
663. The Committee recommends
the State party to provide in its next report, due on 16 September 1996,
fuller information on the practical implementation of the Convention and
to supply written replies to the questions raised orally during the consideration
of the report of Chad, including information on the ethnic characteristics
of the population, in accordance with paragraph 8 of the guidelines for
the preparation of reports.
664. More precise information
was requested on the reforms undertaken following the National Conference
intended to begin the process of national reconciliation: the constitutional
reform, the draft electoral code, the amnesty act, the law on compensation
for victims of human rights violations, the reorganization of the security
forces and national gendarmerie, and the strengthening of the judicial
665. The next report should
also inform the Committee of the actual lines of action open to the National
Commission on Human Rights and its activities in terms of the implementation
of the Convention.
666. The Committee strongly
recommends the State party to make every effort to ensure that the system
of justice functions properly, since that is a necessary condition for
a return to the rule of law. Help in arranging a solid training programme
for judges should be sought from the United Nations Centre for Human Rights.
667. The Committee considers
it to be of the utmost importance to set up a training programme in humanitarian
law and human rights for members of the armed forces, the police, the
national gendarmerie and other State employees. Assistance could be sought
from the United Nations Centre for Human Rights and the International
Committee of the Red Cross.
668. The Committee recommends
the State party to ratify the amendments to article 8, paragraph 6, of
the Convention adopted by the 14th meeting of States parties.