CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS
SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES
UNDER ARTICLE 9 OF THE CONVENTION
552. At its 1060th meeting,
on 12 August 1994 (CERD/C/SR.1060), the Committee examined the implementation
of the Convention by Chad on the basis of the previous report of the State
party (CERD/C/114/Add.2) and its consideration by the Committee (CERD/C/SR.838).
553. The Committee noted that,
despite the resumption of the dialogue with the State party in 1993, the
fifth, sixth and seventh periodic reports of Chad that were to be presented
in a single document had still not been submitted to the Committee. The
Committee therefore noted that Chad had not fulfilled its obligations
under article 9, paragraph 1, of the Convention.
554. The Committee was concerned
about reports that tensions between ethnic groups continued in Chad, that
the use of force by the authorities was frequent, that violent acts were
being committed by the security forces, including members of the President's
ethnic group and that the security of civilians was not assured.
555. The Committee expressed
concern over reports on the impunity enjoyed by perpetrators of human
rights violations and over the lack of independence of the judicial system.
It also expressed concern over information that the administration was
paralysed by lack of resources and corruption.
556. The members of the Committee
noted with satisfaction that, according to information received, international
and Chadian non-governmental organizations had permission to work in the
country and that some progress had been observed in the area of freedom
557. At its 1067th meeting,
held on 18 August 1994, the Committee adopted the following concluding
558. It is regretted that
the State party has not submitted any report to the Committee since 1986,
despite the resumption of the dialogue with the State party in 1993. It
does, however, note the difficulties deriving from the civil war in Chad,
and from the fact that there is no permanent mission of Chad to the United
Nations Office at Geneva.
(a) Principal subjects
559. It is noted with concern
that, according to information available two years after the end of the
change of government in Chad, tensions between ethnic groups persist,
and violent acts and multiple violations of human rights are still being
committed, inter alia by the military forces and the security units.
560. Concern is also expressed
regarding information on the impunity enjoyed by perpetrators of human
rights violations who, despite the Government's promises, have still not
been prosecuted by the authorities.
561. The members of the Committee
note with concern information received about the paralysis in the administration
which affects all sectors of the public service, including the judicial
sector. They express their concern over the attacks on the independence
of the judicial authorities.
562. It is noted with satisfaction
that international and Chadian non-governmental organizations can now
work in the country and that some progress has been achieved in regard
to freedom of expression.
(b) Suggestions and recommendations
563. The Committee recommends
that the State party include in its next periodic report information on
developments in the situation within the country, the strengthening of
the rule of law in Chad, the composition of the population, the introduction
of legislation to combat racial discrimination (article 4 of the Convention),
the means available to individual victims of human rights violations to
obtain justice and reparation (article 6 of the Convention) and the measures
taken to promote education with a view to combating racial discrimination
(article 7 of the Convention).
564. In the light of the above,
the Committee requests the Government of Chad to expedite its overdue
reports as a matter of urgency.
565. The Committee suggests
that the Government of Chad avail itself of the technical assistance offered
under the advisory services and technical assistance programme of the
Centre for Human Rights.