COMMITTEE AGAINST TORTURE
CONSIDERATION OF REPORTS SUBMITTED BY STATES PARTIES UNDER ARTICLE
19 OF THE CONVENTION
Conclusions and recommendations of the Committee against Torture
62. The Committee considered the initial report of Peru (CAT/C/7/Add.16),
which should have been submitted in 1989, at its 193rd and 194th meetings,
held on 9 November 1994 (CAT/C/SR.193 and 194 and Add.2), and adopted
the following conclusions and recommendations.
63. The Committee appreciates the presence of a highly qualified delegation,
as well as the clarifications and explanations supplied in both the
written and oral reports.
64. The Committee notes the intention expressed by the delegation
to submit all the reports required by international human rights organizations
and to respond to all their requests.
65. The Committee takes due note of the intensive campaign to make
the armed forces and the police more aware of the need to respect
66. The Committee is pleased to note the approval of various items
of legislation, such as that permitting procurators to visit places
of detention in areas where a state of emergency has been declared,
that providing for greater flexibility in the procedures relating
to terrorism and those which establish new bodies for protecting human
67. One cause for serious concern is the large number of complaints
from both non-governmental organizations and international agencies
or commissions indicating that torture is being used extensively in
connection with the investigation of acts of terrorism and that those
responsible are going unpunished.
68. The Committee points out that the legislation intended to repress
acts of terrorism does not meet the requirements of international
agreements concerning a fair, just and impartial trial with minimum
safeguards for the rights of the accused (for example, "faceless"
judges, serious limitations on the right of defence, lack of opportunity
to take proceedings before a court, extension of the period of incommunicado
69. The Committee is also concerned by the subjection of civilians
to military jurisdiction and by the fact that, in practice, the competence
of the military courts is being extended as regards cases of abuse
70. The Committee is aware of the serious difficulties which Peru
is experiencing because of the terrorist attacks, which are to be
condemned, and hopes that it will succeed in overcoming them.
71. Despite the determination stated by the delegation of Peru, in
the Committee's opinion, the legislative and administrative measures
adopted in order to comply with the Convention have not been effective
in preventing acts of torture, as required by article 2, paragraph
1 of the Convention.
72. At the same time, the requirements of articles 12 and 13 of the
Convention concerning the need for a prompt and impartial investigation
of all complaints of torture are not being met.
73. Nevertheless, taking into consideration the intentions expressed
by the delegation and the fact that the Government has available to
it the means necessary to eradicate the scourge of torture, the Committee
suggests the adoption of, among others, the following measures:
(a) The procedure relating to terrorist offences should be reviewed
for the purpose of establishing a prosecution system which is effective
but which preserves the independence and impartiality of the courts
and the right of defence, with the elimination of so-called "faceless
trials" and the holding of detainees incommunicado;
(b) The military courts should be regulated to prevent them from trying
civilians and to restrict their jurisdiction to military offences,
by introducing the appropriate legal and constitutional changes;
(c) The Judicature Council and the Ombudsman should start operating
as soon as possible;
(d) The activities of the procurators' offices should be strengthened
and they should be provided with the means necessary to perform their
(e) The possibility of making the declarations provided for in the
Convention in the circumstances described in articles 21 and 22 should
(f) Consideration should be given to defining torture as an independent
offence punishable by a penalty appropriate to its seriousness;
(g) The efforts to educate medical and law-enforcement personnel,
civil and military, should be intensified, as should the programmes
for the full rehabilitation of victims.